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Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is one of the places to display and preserve the cultural values of 54 ethnic groups across the Vietnam country. This is a place that attracts a large number of visitors every year. Now let explore what is interesting about the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology!
Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is located on Nguyen Van Huyen, Cau Giay, about 8km from the center of Hanoi. The museum has great cultural value on a national scale. You can easily get here by many types of vehicles such as cars, motorcycles or taxis. For many visitors to Hanoi, the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is always on the list of “must-see” destinations.
Vietnam Museum of Ethnology was established in 1981 in Hanoi with an area of 3.27 ha. This museum was designed by architect Ha Duc Linh while architect Veronique Dollfus (French) designed the interior. The museum is like a miniature picture of the history and culture of the 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam with a lot of extremely special cultural features. These exhibits are displayed in many different categories such as clothing, jewelry, weapons, musical instruments, religion, beliefs, and many other spiritual activities.
The museum is divided into three main display areas: the Trong Dong building, the outdoor exhibition area, and the Southeast Asia exhibition area. From the outside looking at, visitors will be attracted by the presentation, layout from form to the content. They are shown very scientifically and logically, easily grasp the cultural colors of each nation.
Trong Dong building has two spaces. One with themed display space and is always refreshed on the second floor, while the first-floor space introduces the identity of 54 ethnic groups. There are 15,000 artifacts, 42,000 movies and images depicting daily life, costumes, clothing, tools, and religious beliefs as well as the customs of ethnic minorities. For other sightseeing purposes, the artifacts here are mainly translated into 3 languages: Vietnamese, English, French and some other languages for tourists to visit and explore the museum.
Visitors will be amazed at the beautiful artifacts carefully displayed from clothes, tools to models of rituals, funerals, weddings … All are reconstructed as a miniature corner of life as well as the traditional culture of ancient ethnic people.
After visiting the Trong Dong building, visitors will see a large yard, which is an outdoor display area. Here, the unique architecture of the local people will be built such as the stilt houses of the Tay people, stilt houses of the Ede people, the stilt houses of the Tay people, and the ground floor of Pom’d planks of H’mong people. Located in the garden area, there is a rice mortar pounding with the power of the Dao people.
Visitors can then visit the Southeast Asian display area inside the museum. From a distance, visitors will notice the exhibition area which is built in the shape of a kite – a traditional culture not only for Vietnam but also for the ASEAN region. Kite symbolizes dreams, ambitions, and freedom forever with time.
It often displays Southeast Asian culture, Indonesian glass paintings, a glimpse of Asia and around the world. There are also educational activities, halls, movie theaters, multimedia rooms. Visitors can see cultural documents not only of Vietnam but also of ASEAN countries. This is the bridge for friendship and cooperation between Vietnam and friends in Southeast Asia as well as many parts of the world.
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